Saudi Arabia’s crown prince unveiled plans on Sunday to build a zero-carbon city at Neom, the first major construction project for the $500 billion flagship business zone aimed at diversifying the economy of the world’s largest oil exporter.
Prince Mohammed bin Salman, in a rare televised appearance, said the city, known as “The Line”, would extend over 170 kilometres and be able to house a million residents in “carbon-positive urban developments powered by 100 per cent clean energy”.
“Why should we sacrifice nature for the sake of development?” Prince Mohammed said. “We need to transform the concept of a conventional city into that of a futuristic one.”
The prince later told reporters in the northwestern city of Al Ula that the project was the conclusion of three years of preparation, adding that its infrastructure would cost around $100b to $200b.
“The backbone of investment in ‘The Line’ will come from the $500b support to Neom by the Saudi government, PIF and local and global investors over 10 years,” he added.
The kingdom’s sovereign wealth fund, the Public Investment Fund (PIF), is the cornerstone investor in Neom, a 26,500-square-km high-tech development on the Red Sea with several zones, including industrial and logistics areas, planned for completion in 2025.
There have been few announcements regarding Neom since it was announced by de facto ruler Prince Mohammed to much fanfare in 2017 as a pillar of his Vision 2030 plan to rid Saudi Arabia of its reliance on crude oil revenues.
A Saudi statement said construction would start in the first quarter of 2021 and that the city was expected to contribute $48b to the kingdom’s gross domestic product and create 380,000 jobs.